Water conservation is the practice of using water efficiently to reduce unnecessary water usage, and it is important fact fresh clean water is a limited resource as 0.4% out of all the water on Earth, saline water in oceans, seas and saline groundwater make up about 97% of it. Only 2.5–2.75% is fresh water, including 1.75–2% frozen in glaciers, ice and snow, 0.5–0.75% as fresh groundwater and soil moisture, and less than 0.01% of it as surface water in lakes, swamps and rivers. Water or River bill is the demand of the time and it ought to be made an act. A stringent law is needed to solve the problem faced by river Ganga and this bill has provisions to do so, water literacy is required among the masses. Moreover, Community governance is the way forward where people work in tandem with the government to come out with innovative solutions to solve the river problem in India. More than 90% of the laws enacted for the utilization of water resources are state level legislation. … Utilization of water was a priority area rather than conservation of water. Moreover the sharing of river waters in India between the States that constitute the Republic has given rise to long drawn legal battles.
Dr. Avdhesh Pratap
(Water Management & Legal Affairs)
Member, Group of Legal Aspects Under Task Force Ministry Of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Government Of India
International Water Law, Management And Constitution Law Expert.
Visiting Professor :
IIT-BHU, IIT-Roorkee & NCGG Mussoorie